Today, being the international day for the abolition of slavery, It’s important to be aware of how slavery has been modernized even after it was abolished in the 19th century. Today, we have issues of human trafficking, forced child labour and marriage. Let’s raise awareness.
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According to history on wikipedia, International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is a yearly event on December 2, organized by the United Nations General Assembly. The Day was first celebrated in 1986.
The Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others was approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 2, 1949. Besides, by resolution 57/195 of 18 December 2002, the Assembly proclaimed 2004 the International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition.
There are even commodity apps creating online slave markets where people are sold into servitude in exchange for money. Most of the victims are women and children. They go through a lot of physical and sexual abuse/exploitation.
I also charge us to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery. The liberation we seek starts with our minds. Once the mind is unconstrained, our freedom is assured.
Slavery is not merely a historical relic. According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery. Although modern slavery is not defined in law, it is used as an umbrella term covering practices such as forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, and human trafficking. Essentially, it refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, and/or abuse of power.
In addition, more than 150 million children are subject to child labour, accounting for almost one in ten children around the world.
Facts and figures:
- An estimated 40.3 million people are in modern slavery, including 24.9 in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage.
- There are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world.
- 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children.
- Out of the 24.9 million people trapped in forced labour, 16 million people are exploited in the private sector such as domestic work, construction or agriculture; 4.8 million people in forced sexual exploitation, and 4 million people in forced labour imposed by state authorities.
- Women and girls are disproportionately affected by forced labour, accounting for 99% of victims in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors.
- ILO has adopted a new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force in November 2016.
The 50 for Freedom campaign aims to persuade at least 50 countries to ratify the Forced Labour Protocol by the end of 2019.
Why do we mark International Days?
International days are occasions to educate the public on issues of concern, to mobilize political will and resources to address global problems, and to celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity. The existence of international days predates the establishment of the United Nations, but the UN has embraced them as a powerful advocacy tool.
When the campaigners who led to abolition of slavery in British colonies found Anti-Slavery Society (today Anti-Slavery International), they would be surprised that today there is still over 40 million people in slavery worldwide.
So while we celebrate the historic successes in fighting slavery, we are also shining a light on the daily reality experienced by so many people round the world. People who are abused, exploited, and denied their freedom.
To inspire today’s fight against this abhorrent crime, we are looking at the successes our predecessors achieved in the fight against slavery.
Nsala of Wala with the hand and foot of his five year old little girl. Photograph taken by Alice Seeley Harris, who documented Belgian Congo abuses for Anti-Slavery Society
Have u heard about organs trafficking?
According to this declaration, organ trafficking is: “the recruitment, transport, transfer, harboring orreceipt of living or deceased persons or their organs by means of the threat or use of force or other forms ofcoercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability.
The truth is, organ trafficking is a reality in many parts of the world. Documented cases have shown up in Indonesia, China, India, South Africa, Brazil, and many other countries.